Equestrianism means riding or driving horses. In sports there are various disciplines, Dressage, Racing, and Jumping.
These can be both individual and team events. Dressage is where the purpose is to develop the horse and rider, through standardized progressive course demonstrating the horses training.
At the peak of a dressage horse's gymnastic development, it can smoothly respond to a skilled rider's minimal aids by performing the requested movement while remaining relaxed and appearing effortless.
The performance is judged by a panel and given a mark out of ten. The horse and rider with the highest mark wins.
Horse racing is a sport which engages speed; the objective is for the jockey (the horse rider) to ride the as fast as possible around a course which may have obstacles.
The jockey and horse who crosses the finish line first is the winner. Horse Jumping or show jumping is Competitive riding of horses through an obstacle course.
Horses run the course one at a time, and the winner is judged according to jumping ability and speed. The horse is considered as much an athlete as the human rider.
Equestrian sport has been incorporated into the Asian Games since 1982.
List of disciplines
- Tent Pegging
Tent Pegging is one of the most popular equestrian sports and was particularly popular in the Indian sub-continent till the post war period. Although there is difference of opinion as to how and where it started, it is almost certain that tent pegging is a sport of Asian Origin. One source dates it back to the invasion of India by Alexander the Great in 326 B.C. which lends credence to the belief that the sport originated in the North Western province of India and Afghanistan through where Alexander had entered India.
The cavalry soldiers of Alexander were believed to have used Tent Pegging as a battle tactics against the elephants in the army of the Indian King Porus, who fought bravely against the invaders, lost the battle, but by virtue of his heroic demeanour, charmed Alexander, who returned to Porus his kingdom and made him his friend.
There is also a belief that the sport originated with the horse-mounted soldiers charging enemy camps at the crack of dawn removing the pegs which held the tents in place, with the tips of their sharp spear.
The sport got its first official recognition when the Olympic Council of Asia accepted Tent Pegging as an official event in the 1982 New Delhi Asian Games.
List of events
INDIVIDUAL LANCE (RINGS & PEGS)
INDIVIDUAL SWORD (LEMONS & PEGS)
PAIRS FILE (LANCE)
INDIAN FILE (SWORD)