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Tianjin 2013

Gymnastics
List of Disciplines
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Gymnastics

Gymnastics

Gymnastics is a sport involving performance of exercises requiring physical strength, flexibility, agility and coordination.

Artistic Gymnastics typically involves the women's events of uneven parallel bars, balance beam, floor exercise, and vault.

Men's events include high bar, parallel bars, still rings, floor exercise, vault, and pommel horse. Other forms of gymnastics are rhythmic gymnastics, various trampolining sports, and aerobic and acrobatic gymnastics.

Gymnastics was first incorporated into the Asian Games in 1978.

List of disciplines

  • Gymnastics
  • Artistic Gymnastics

Gymnastics is an ancient sport which was practised in various forms in ancient Greece and Rome. Gymnastics competitions are, however, relatively modern. The modern development of gymnastics began in the mid-19th century in Europe. Gymnastics societies were formed in Germany (Turnvereins) and the Bohemian part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (Sokols).

Similar societies formed in France and Switzerland and then spread generally throughout Europe. In 1881, the Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG) was formed to organise competitions
 
Modern competitive gymnastics has developed from two systems: the German turnverein system that emphasised muscular development and apparatus work of a formal nature, and the Swedish system of free exercises that focused on developing rhythmic

When gymnastics began in ancient Greece more than 2000 years ago, the gymnasium was the centre of cultural activity. Men gathered there not only to practise sport, but to understand art, music and philosophy.

The Greeks believed symmetry between the mind and body was possible only when physical exercise was coupled with intellectual activity.

Today, gymnastics is often termed the ultimate combination of sport and art, but the idea is nothing new.

Plato, Aristotle and Homer heartily advocated the strengthening qualities of gymnastic activity. It is a philosophy that can be found in much of their work.

The term "artistic gymnastics" emerged in the early 1800s to distinguish free-flowing styles from the techniques used by the military.

Although viewed as a novelty by many, gymnastics competitions began to flourish in schools, athletic clubs and various organisations across Europe in the 1880s. When the Olympic movement was resurrected at Athens in 1896, gymnastics made a fitting return.

List of events

  • men

    1. TEAM

    2. INDIVIDUAL ALL-ROUND

    3. FLOOR

    4. VAULT

    5. POMMEL HORSE

    6. RINGS

    7. PARALLEL BARS

    8. HORIZONTAL BAR

    9. QUALIFICATIONS

    10. FLOOR EXERCISE

  • women

    1. TEAM

    2. INDIVIDUAL ALL-ROUND

    3. FLOOR

    4. VAULT

    5. UNEVEN BARS

    6. BALANCE BEAM

    7. QUALIFICATIONS

    8. FLOOR EXERCISE

    9. BEAM

Sports Federations