Manila 2005

Canoe / Kayak
List of Disciplines
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Sports Federations

Canoe / Kayak

Canoe / Kayak

Canoeing is a water sport where the athlete has to use their muscle power to paddle a canoe.

A kayak is propelled using a paddle with two blades where the paddler sits with their legs mostly extended in front of them, whereas canoes are propelled using single- or double-bladed paddles where the paddler is kneeling or sitting on seat.

The International Canoe Federation is the worldwide canoeing organisation and creates the standard rules for the different disciplines of canoe/kayak competition.

The ICF recognises several competitive and non-competitive disciplines for example Sprint, marathon and White-water racing is a type of extreme sports where Competitors race in specialised canoes or kayaks down a white-water river.

Canoeing and Kayaking were incorporated into the Asian Games in 1990.

List of disciplines

  • Canoe / kayak

The first canoes and kayaks were made thousands of years ago by native Americans and Polynesian islanders. They were originally used for hunting, fishing and transport on water.

Racing began in the 19th century, after British travel writer John MacGregor copied the design of the ancient boats, and founded the Royal Canoe Club of England in 1866.

Today, races are held on both flat water and white water courses at sites across the world.

Sports Federations