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Sambo
List of Disciplines
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Sambo

Sambo

Sambo is a Russian martial art and combat sport. The word "SAMBO" is an acronym for SAMozashchita Bez Oruzhiya, which literally translates as "self-defense without weapons".

Sambo is relatively modern since its development began in the early 1920s by the Soviet Red Army to improve their hand-to-hand combat abilities. Intended to be a merger of the most effective techniques of other martial arts, Sambo has roots in Japanese Judo, international styles of wrestling, plus traditional folk styles of wrestling such as: Armenian Kokh, Georgian Chidaoba, Romanian Trinta, Tatar Korsa, Uzbek Kurash, Mongolian Khapsagay and Azerbaijani Gulesh.

The pioneers of Sambo were Viktor Spiridonov and Vasili Oshchepkov. Oshchepkov died in prison as a result of the political purges of 1937 after accusations of being a Japanese spy. Oshchepkov spent much of his life living in Japan and training judo under its founder Kano Jigoro.

The two men independently developed two different styles, which eventually cross-pollinated and became what is known as Sambo. Compared to Oshchepkov's judo-based system, then called "Freestyle Wrestling", Spiridonov's style was softer and less strength dependent. This was in large part due to Spiridonov's injuries sustained during World War I.

List of disciplines

  • Sambo

Sambo is a Russian martial art and combat sport. The word "SAMBO" is an acronym for SAMozashchita Bez Oruzhiya, which literally translates as "self-defense without weapons".
 
Sambo is relatively modern since its development began in the early 1920s by the Soviet Red Army to improve their hand-to-hand combat abilities. Intended to be a merger of the most effective techniques of other martial arts, Sambo has roots in Japanese Judo, international styles of wrestling, plus traditional folk styles of wrestling such as: Armenian Kokh, Georgian Chidaoba, Romanian Trinta, Tatar Korsa, Uzbek Kurash, Mongolian Khapsagay and Azerbaijani Gulesh.
 

List of events

  • men

    1. UNDER 68KG

    2. UNDER 82KG

    3. UNDER 100KG

    4. UNDER 62KG

    5. UNDER 74KG

    6. UNDER 90KG

    7. OVER 90KG

    8. -52KG

    9. -57KG

    10. -62KG

    11. -68KG

    12. -74KG

    13. -82KG

    14. -90KG

    15. COMBAT, -52KG

    16. COMBAT, -57KG

    17. COMBAT, -62KG

    18. COMBAT, -68KG

    19. COMBAT, -74KG

    20. COMBAT, -82KG

    21. COMBAT, -90KG

    22. COMBAT, -100KG

    23. COMBAT, +100KG

  • women

    1. UNDER 52KG

    2. UNDER 64KG

    3. UNDER 72KG

    4. OVER 72KG

    5. UNDER 56KG

    6. -48KG

    7. -52KG

    8. -56KG

    9. -60KG

    10. -64KG

    11. -68KG

    12. -72KG

  • mixed

    1. TEAM

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