The 10th Asian Games were held from September 20, 1986 to October 5, 1986 in Seoul, Republic Korea.
The venues and facilities of the 10th Asiad were the same venues and facilities used in the 1988 Summer Olympics because this was considered a test event.
A total number of 4,839 athletes, coming from 27 NOCs, were competing in 25 events.
Debuting sports were judo, taekwondo, women's cycling and women's Shooting. 83 Asian records and three world records were broken, while two world records were equalled in the Seoul Asiad.
Hammer thrower Shigenobu Murofushi from Japan won the Asian Games gold for the fifth successive time (1970–1986). But the star of the 1986 Asian Games was the Payyoli Express – P. T. Usha. She won four gold medals (and one silver), becoming the biggest winner of athletics gold medals in the Seoul Asiad. The Seoul Asiad marked the coming of age of South Korean sports.
They came second in the Seoul Asiad in the medal tally, displacing Japan. From the 1986 Asiad onwards, China and Republic of Korea would always finish one and two in the overall medal count (except the 1994 Asian Games in Hiroshima).