Sambo
Sambo is a Russian martial art and combat sport. The word "SAMBO" is an acronym for SAMozashchita Bez Oruzhiya, which literally translates as "self-defense without weapons".

Sambo is relatively modern since its development began in the early 1920s by the Soviet Red Army to improve their hand-to-hand combat abilities. Intended to be a merger of the most effective techniques of other martial arts, Sambo has roots in Japanese Judo, international styles of wrestling, plus traditional folk styles of wrestling such as: Armenian Kokh, Georgian Chidaoba, Romanian Trinta, Tatar Korsa, Uzbek Kurash, Mongolian Khapsagay and Azerbaijani Gulesh.

The pioneers of Sambo were Viktor Spiridonov and Vasili Oshchepkov. Oshchepkov died in prison as a result of the political purges of 1937 after accusations of being a Japanese spy. Oshchepkov spent much of his life living in Japan and training judo under its founder Kano Jigoro.

The two men independently developed two different styles, which eventually cross-pollinated and became what is known as Sambo. Compared to Oshchepkov's judo-based system, then called "Freestyle Wrestling", Spiridonov's style was softer and less strength dependent. This was in large part due to Spiridonov's injuries sustained during World War I.
竞赛项目
男子
  -52kg
  -57kg
  -62kg
  -68kg
  -74kg
  -82kg
  -90kg
  Combat, +100kg
  Combat, -100kg
  Combat, -52kg
  Combat, -57kg
  Combat, -62kg
  Combat, -68kg
  Combat, -74kg
  Combat, -82kg
  Combat, -90kg
  Over 90kg
  Under 100kg
  Under 62kg
  Under 68kg
  Under 74kg
  Under 82kg
  Under 90kg
女子
  -48kg
  -52kg
  -56kg
  -60kg
  -64kg
  -68kg
  -72kg
  Over 72kg
  Under 52kg
  Under 56kg
  Under 64kg
  Under 72kg
混合
  Team
图片
选择一项体育
  所有体育