Nepal or the Republic of Nepal is landlocked by the Peoples Republic of China and India.
Nepal was declared a kingdom in 1768, recognized as a state on 15th January 2007 and made a republic on May 28th 2008.
The capital city is Kathmandu. Nepal offers superb game viewing and whitewater rafting in some of its lower regions and mountaineering in the higher regions.
Popular attractions include temples, shrines, national parks, pilgrim sites, Chobar Gorge and its famous bridge, Vally and Lake Phewa, with its cluster of lakeside hotels, restaurants and shops and of course the mountains including Mount Everest.
Nepal has a lot of culture and history embedded in the country so the small towns and villages are popular tourist attractions.
Nepal is the birthplace of Buddha, and the cultural impact of his life and teachings can be witnessed in the multitude of exquisite temples that dot the valleys and mountain slopes. Nepalese culture is diverse, reflecting different ethnic origins of the people.
The Newar community is particularly rich in cultural diversity; they celebrate many festivals, well known for their music and dance. A typical Nepalese meal is dal-bhat-tarkari, a spicy lentil soup, served over boiled rice with curried vegetables.
The Newar community, however, has its own unique cuisine. It consists of non-vegetarian as well as vegetarian items served with alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages.
Nepal experiences five seasons and climatic zones which broadly corresponding to the altitudes. The seasons are summer, monsoon, autumn, winter and spring.
The Himalaya blocks cold winds from Central Asia in winter, and forms the northern limit of the monsoon wind patterns.
Once thickly forested, deforestation is a major problem in all regions, with resulting erosion and degradation of ecosystems.
The remarkable differences in climatic conditions are primarily related to the enormous range of altitude within such a short north-south distance.
Hindu 80.6%, Buddhist 10.7%, Muslim 4.2%, Kirant 3.6%, other 0.9%
Dandi Biyo is a very popular game in Nepal. Some consider it as a national game of Nepal. This game is played with a help of a stick (Dandi) about two feet long and a wooden pin (Biyo) about half feet long.
A hole is made on the ground, which in diameter is just smaller than the length of the pin, the pin is laid across the hole and a player puts one end of the stick inside the hole and holds the other end.
Then the player tries to jerk the stick to hit the pin so that the pin flies in the air.
If another player catches the pin when it is in the air, the hitting players turn is over and other player goes to do the same.
Other popular sports include football, basketball, cricket and golf.
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