A record 201 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) participated in the Olympic Games. The overall tally for events on the programme was 301 (one more than at the Sydney Games in 2000). The XXVII Games (Athens 2004) was held from 13 August to 29 August 2004, 201 National Olympic Committee where in Attendance with a total of 10,625 Athletes participated.
Popularity in the Games also soared, as 3.9 billion people had access to the television coverage compared to 3.6 billion for Sydney. This global audience enjoyed coverage of never-before seen sports such as women's wrestling, which was included in the programme for the first time.
A new medal design was presented at the Games to replace the old design which has been in use since 1928.